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Why Do I Have Soft Bumps on My Gums?


Posted on 12/15/2023 by Dr. Cheryl Freeman
Image of a man with mouth pain. Bumps on the gums are a cause for concern, as they may show various underlying problems. While some are harmless and are linked to factors like plaque buildup or minor irritations, others may indicate more serious conditions. If you notice bumps on your gums, consult a dental professional for treatment and advice. Here are common causes of soft bumps on the gums.

Tooth Decay


The main culprit behind soft bumps on the gums is tooth decay. When bacteria in the mouth break down sugars and produce acid, it causes tooth enamel erosion, forming cavities. If cavities are not addressed, the problem can affect your gums, causing soft bumps to develop. These bumps often cause pain and discomfort, and treatment involves dental fillings or root canal therapy.

Oral Fibroma


Oral fibromas are benign growths that can occur on the gums. While these bumps are usually painless, they can irritate when eating or performing other oral tasks. They appear pink or whitish and have a smooth surface. The oral fibromas are not a major cause for concern, but they may require removal if they cause discomfort. Removal can be done through a simple surgical procedure.

Mouth Cancer


Soft bumps on the gums may show a more serious condition, such as mouth cancer. While other benign causes are more common, ignoring persistent or suspicious gum bumps is not advisable. Symptoms of mouth cancer include unexplained bleeding, pain, or recurring sores. If a healthcare professional suspects mouth cancer, a biopsy and further diagnostic tests may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment options for mouth cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

If you notice persistent or suspicious bumps on your gums, consult a dentist or healthcare provider quickly to determine the underlying cause and proper treatment. Contact us and schedule an appointment for early intervention and pertinent information.

Randolph Center for Dental Excellence
Dr. Bryan Freeman and Dr. Cheryl Freeman



(336) 444-2772

134 Davis Street
Asheboro, NC 27203-5469


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